A sex offender registry refers to a legal database present in every country across the global platform. It is a database that allows government officials to keep track of the activities and crimes of sex offenders. You get the visitors’ information and the criminals convicted with specific sex offenses and definite crimes against children.
Every sex offender registry of each country might have specific rules to register these data and information. But the guidelines are specifically the same to provide hassle-free information to the onlookers.
Here, you also get the information about the convicts who have already completed their criminal sentences. Even in some jurisdictions, the registry provides personal information about the criminal as well. However, in certain jurisdictions, registered sex offenders often have to maintain certain restrictions, including housing and other facilities.
Classification of Sex Offenders
As already stated above, the basics of registering sex offenders remain more or less similar in many jurisdictions. For example, according to the Nevada sex offender registry, sex offenders are mainly classified into three segments. These are:
- Tier III
It happens to be the most serious of all. It is meant for violent sex crimes, non-parental kidnapping, and other kinds of serious crimes that involve children. This tier specifically includes first-degree murder committed or sexual abuse or molestation of any child below 14 years of age.
It also applies to sexual assault, rape, battery with any intent to commit any form of sexual assault, child abuse below 12 years or more, etc. Along with these, there are many additional crimes accepted under this tier as well.
- Tier II
The next classification is tier II, which is meant for crimes against children under 18 years of age which include:
- Child abuse involves sexual exploitation or abuse of a child of 13 years of age or more
- Sex trafficking
- Living off from any prostitute’s earnings
- Child pornography
- Use of any child to produce pornography
- Promoting any sexual performance of any child
- Distributing or advertising child pornography
- Possessing any such children pornography
- False imprisonment of any child and more
These offenders are publicly searchable. And they must register once every 180 days for around 25 years.
- Tier I
Lastly, tier I is the one reserved for the defendants who are convicted of non-violent sex crimes. These include:
- Statutory sexual seduction, only if the defendant is less than 21 years of age
- Providing drugs to another one in the commission of any violent crime
- Gross or open lewdness
- Sexual penetration of any human corpse and more
These offenders need to register at least once a year for 15 years.
Requirements for Sex Offender Registration
One must get registered with the local police within 48 hours of getting released. It is also essential to provide fingerprints, palm prints, and even DNA samples for the registration process. Along with these, details about the offender are important, including employment status, number, address, etc.
One also must be able to submit an annual verification form to the concerned authorities. In case one fails to do any of these tasks, he/she would be charged with additional felony charges. And since these data and information are regularly updated, they expect only the latest information about the convicts from such registers.